President Dwight Eisenhower, in 1956, won nearly 40 percent of the black vote. Granted, many African Americans in the South were not allowed to vote, and turned away from the polls because they couldn’t, for example, recite the entire US Constitution. But African American support for Republicans has gone steadily down since Eisenhower’s elections. In 1960, Republican Vice President Richard Nixon netted 32 percent of the black vote in competition against Democrat John F. Kennedy. George W. Bush got 11 percent of the African-American turnout in 2004 — and that was two percent more than the nine percent of the black vote he received in 2000.